楠瀬喜多生誕 183 周年 Kita Kusunose Google Doodle
Today the Search Engine Google is celebrating Kita Kusunose’s 183rd Birthday with attractive Doodle shown in the Japan country, Today’s Doodle celebrates the birth of a self-described “common woman” who’s now fondly remembered as Minken Baasan, “the people’s rights granny.”was one of the first Japanese advocates for women’s political rights.
Kusunose Kita (楠 瀬 喜 多) was born in Hirooka (part of the current city of Kōchi) as the daughter of Kesamaru Gihei, a rice merchant, in 1836. At the age of 21, She married Kusunose Minoru, who served as Tosa’s Kendo Guidance, but died in 1874. Since there were no children between the two, including adopted children, Hirose inherited as the landlord.
Despite paying taxes as a landlord, the 1878 Kochi Prefectural Council election did not allow voting because he was a woman. Although the prefectural assembly rules at that time stipulated that “election qualification is a boy who is 20 years of age or older, who has a permanent register in the county and pays a land tax of 5 yen or more (Article 14)”
This is because there was no national uniform standard in the Municipality Organization Act for the municipalities, which are subordinate organizations of the prefecture associations.
On the other hand, Hirose protested that the right to vote had not granted only because she was a woman. And was behind with taxes. At the same time, a protest letter submitted to the Kochi Prefectural Office, However, because Kochi Prefecture refused to accept Hirose’s request , Hirose submitted an opinion to the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
As a result, voting in this election was not successful, but it linked to the Freedom. And People’s Rights Movement, And It was. Thus, for the first time in Japan, only the landlord officially recognized as a female suffrage. After that, it also recognized in the neighboring Kotakasaka village.
However, in 1884, the government revised the Municipal Council Law, taking up the right to establish rules from the municipal association and suffrage was defined as only men. After that, the women’s liberation movement continued, and the name of Hirose became known as Kusunose Kita “Grand Rights Granny”. And In 1920, Taisho democracy died while being screamed. She died in 1920, at the age of 84.
During the Meiji period (1868-1912), Japanese society was undergoing a major turning point under the emperor of Society Nichi. The North letter triggered a national debate on women’s rights that led to changes in the voting laws of some of the hometowns that allowed some women to vote for the first time in 1880. The right denied after four years, but in 1946 it finally extended to Japan for women suffrage.
Kita Kusunose was also an advocate for education and honored at the Kochi Liberty and Peoples’ Rights Museum. Which opened in her hometown in 1990. Read more please visit https://www.google.com/doodles/kita-kusunoses-183rd-birthday
Happy Birthday, Kita Kusunose!